fbpx

Did You Know...

 

Honeybees have 3 Castes

Queen Bee

Queen Bee

  • Lives 5 – 7 years
  • Lives on a diet entirely of Royal Jelly
  • Lays up to 2,500 eggs per day

Female “worker” bees do all the work

Live approx 45 days, tasks:

  • Cleaning, keeping brood warm ( day 1-2)
  • Feeding larvae (day 3-11)
  • Wax production & comb building, food processing (day 12-17)
  • Guarding hive (day 18-21)
  • Foraging (day 22 – end of life)
Worker Bees
Drone Bee

Male “drone” Bee

  • Sole job is to mate with a Queen from another colony

Size comparison

Weight (gm) Length (mm)
Queen 200 18-22
Worker 100 12-15
Drone 200 15-17

Honeybees are Social Insects

A honeybee colony consists of:

E
1 colony has can have from 50,000 to 80,000 bees

 

E
Reproductive members
  • 1 Queen (female)
  • 300 Drones (male)
E
Non-reproductive members
  • 25,000 older workers, foragers
  • 25,000 young workers, in hive
  • 20,000 capped larvae
  • 9,000 larvae requiring food
  • 6,000 eggs
E
Can produce up to 300 pounds of honey per year!

 

 

Honeybee Foraging Facts

Fuel consumption of a honeybee

  • ½ mg honey per km
  • 3 million km per litre of honey

Worker bee trip info

  • Carries 70 mg of nectar in honey stomach
  • Visits 50-100 flowers per trip
  • Average distance of 1.5 km per trip (up to 3 km from hive)
  • Flying speed is 25 km/hr
  • Flys about 10 trips per day

To produce 1 kg of honey

  • Worker bees gather 5 kg of nectar
  • From 5 million flowers
  • Flying 70,000 trips (approx 100,000 km)
  • Takes 7,000 foragers one day to collect nectar